Gerrit Rietveld - Utrecht 1888 - Utrecht 1964
Although Rietveld began to design chairs in about 1900 his first important design, the Red/Blue chair , was not produced until 1918. It was created with the intention of demonstrating that an aesthetic and spatial object could be constructed with linear material and made by machinary. Its severe right-angled geometry and use of primary colours make it perfect embodiment of the principals of De Stijl painters, also in design such as the Berlin chair and the Military series. His designs typically combine aesthetic considerations with a desire to fully exploit the advantages of particolar materials for economical machine production.